What is Human Trafficking?
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime describes human trafficking as follows:
“Human Trafficking is a crime against humanity. It involves an act of recruiting, transporting, transfering, harbouring or receiving a person through a use of force, coercion or other means, for the purpose of exploiting them. Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad. Every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims. UNODC, as guardian of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) and the Protocols thereto, assists States in their efforts to implement the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons (Trafficking in Persons Protocol).”
Key statistics about Human Trafficking and Modern Day Slavery:
- There are an estimated 21 million – 46 million modern day slaves in the world today
- The Home Office estimated in 2014 that there are between 10000-13000 slaves in the UK
- In 2015, 3266 survivors of trafficking and modern day slavery were identified. This was 40% more than the year before.
- Human trafficking and modern day slavery is a profitable business – with an estimated $32 Billion revenue made by traffickers every year
- And the average cost of a slave today? $90.
- When people consider modern day slavery, they most often think of sexual exploitation or forced labour. Whilst these are the most common, people are also trafficked for warfare, forced crime, organ harvesting, forced marriage and domestic servitude.